Nevelle Chamberlain is coming back from MunichIf I am not starting this afternoon to pay the Prime Minister the usual and almost immutable tributes for his handling of this crisis, it is certainly not out of personal disrespect. We have always had, for many years, very pleasant relationships, and I have deeply understood, from the personal experience of mine in a similar crisis, the stress and stress that he had to endure; But I`m sure it`s better to say exactly what we think of public affairs, and that`s certainly not the time when it`s worth courting political popularity. Hitler was open to his refusal to accept many of the terms of the Treaty of Versaille. Shortly after serving as Federal Chancellor in 1933, he began to arm the country again, breaking restrictions on the Bundeswehr. In 1936 he sent German troops to the Rhineland and in March 1938 he joined Germany and Austria. Czechoslovakia was the next logical step in its aggression and the German Nazis in the Sudetenland were said to stoke the problems that led to the crisis studied here. Edvard Benes, the leader of Czechoslovakia, feared that if Germany won the Sudetenland, most Czech defences would be handed over to the Germans and remain defenseless. In 1933, the head of the German government Konrad Henlein founded the German Sudetenland Party (SdP), which was “militant, populist and openly hostile” to the Czechoslovakian government and soon won two-thirds of the vote in districts with a large German population. Historians disagree on whether the SDP was a Nazi front organization from the beginning or whether it had forged a front-line organization.  In 1935, the SdP was the second political party in Czechoslovakia, as German votes were concentrated on the party and czech and Slovak voices were divided among several parties.  Shortly after Austria`s accession to Germany, Henlein met Hitler in Berlin on 28 March 1938 and was ordered to make unacceptable demands for the Czechoslovakian democratic government led by President Edvard Bené. On 24 April, the SdP launched a series of demands on the Czechoslovakian government, known as the Karlovy Vary programme.  Henlein asked for things like autonomy for Germans living in Czechoslovakia.
 The Czechoslovakian government replied that it was prepared to grant more minority rights to the German minority, but that it was initially reluctant to grant autonomy.  In May 1938, the SDP won 88% of the vote.  The agreement was widely welcomed. French Prime Minister Daladier did not believe, as one scholar put it, that a European war was justified “to keep three million Germans under Czech sovereignty.” But the same is true for Alsace-Lorraine, unlike the alliance between France and Czechoslovakia against German aggression. Gallup Polls, in Britain, France and the United States, said the majority of the population supported the agreement. In 1939, Czechoslovakian President Beneé was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.  On 28 September at 10 a.m., four hours before the deadline and without Hitler`s agreement at the request of Czechoslovakia, the British Ambassador to Italy, Lord Perth, summoned the Italian Foreign Minister, Galeazzo Ciano, to request an emergency meeting.  Perth informed Ciano that Chamberlain had ordered him to ask Mussolini in the negotiations and ask Hitler to delay the ultimatum.  At 11:00 a.m., Ciano met With Mussolini and informed him of Chamberlain`s proposal; Mussolini agreed and responded by questioning the Italian ambassador to Germany and telling him: “Go immediately to Fuhrer`s house and tell him that I will be by his side, but that I ask for a 24-hour delay before hostilities begin.