Armenia, Azerbaijan and Russia have signed an agreement to end the military conflict over the controversial Nagorno-Karabakh enclave. In addition, Armenia was heavily dependent on Russia for security, potentially weakening Armenia`s independence. Protests immediately erupted in Armenia, expressing anger at the agreement and questioning whether the government that negotiated the deal would remain in power. Under the agreement, the two belligerents pledged to exchange prisoners of war and the dead. In addition, Armenian troops were to withdraw from Armenian-occupied territories around Nagorno-Karabakh by 1 December. A Russian peacekeeping force of about 2,000 Russian ground forces was to be deployed to the region for at least five years, with one of its missions being the protection of the Lachin Corridor, which connects Armenia and the Nagorno-Karabakh region. In addition, Armenia is committed to ensuring the “security” of the passage between the mainland of Azerbaijan and its enclave of Nakhchivan by a strip of land in Syunik province, Armenia. The border forces of the Russian FSB would exercise control of the transport communication.   The Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement until 2020 is a ceasefire agreement that ended the Nagorno-Karabakh war in 2020. Signed on 9 November by Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan and Russian President Vladimir Putin, it ended all hostilities in the Nagorno-Karabakh region from 00:00, 10 November 2020 Moscow time.   The President of the self-declared Artsakh Republic, Arayik Harutyunyan, also agreed to the end of hostilities.  Nearly one million people were uprooted by the first war between the two in the 1990s and relocated to towns and settlements throughout Azerbaijan.
Many families still live in cramped apartments in and around Baku, and their happiness on the promise of return has been attenuated with sadness. Armenian opposition parties have called on the government to revoke the agreement. And the country`s president, Armen Sarkissian, distanced himself from the agreement, saying he learned about the negotiations through the media and called for “political consultations” to get out of the crisis. President Aliyev said the agreement was of “historical importance” and that it was a “capitulation” of Armenia. The agreement confirmed the influence of Russia and Turkey in the region, while bequeathing the Western powers. On Tuesday, Russia denied that Turkish peacekeepers would be allowed to send to Nagorno-Karabakh, while Azerbaijan`s president, Ilham Aliyev, claimed they would. The President of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliyev, responded to the agreement by saying: “This declaration represents the capitulation of Armenia. This declaration ends years of occupation.  Major celebrations erupted throughout Azerbaijan, including in Baku, the capital, when news of the agreement was announced.  In addition, as part of this agreement, all military operations will be suspended and Russian peacekeeping forces will be deployed along the contact line in Nagorno-Karabakh and along the Lachin corridor linking the region to Armenia. These Russian peacekeeping forces, with a force of about 2,000 troops, will be deployed to the region for a period of five years. How has an entrenched local conflict appealed to regional powers? And what are the prospects for peace after a ceasefire agreement? The Armenians will also return the Lachin region, which holds the main road from Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia.
The agreement provides that the road, known as the Lachin Corridor, remains open and protected by 1,960 Russian peacekeepers. Stepanakert will remain under the control of the Armenian government. As of 10 November 2020, Russian troops and armaments, which were to be a peacekeeping force under the agreement, are expected to enter the Nagorno-Karabakh region.  The force was reportedly airlifted to Armenia prior to the signing of the agreement.  On 12 November, the Russian force consisted mainly of personnel from the 15th Motor Rifle Brigade, who had entered Stepanakert